1. January 17th

John Brown

– Insurrection is the buzzword of the mid-1800s

– 2 sources from a Southern-Democrat point of view and 2 from a Union-Republican.  Both illustrate the arguments and biases of th two parties at the time.  The Democrats blame the Republicans for instigating John Brown’s actions through their radicalization of emancipation.  The Republicans do not, in turn, defend John Brown, but instead deflect his association with the party and blame the Democrats for bringing the Harper’s Ferry raid upon themselves.

– The excerpt from Lincoln puts it best in which he says, “Your purpose, then, plainly stated, is that you will destroy the Government, unless you be allowed to construe and enforce the Constitution as you please, on all points in dispute between you and us.”  This political discourse, I think, best illustrates the moments building to the Civil War.

– Conversely, this excerpt from a Southern newspaper instigates the “Northern Aggression” perpetuated throughout the South leading up to the Civil War: “It fully establishes the fact that there are at the North men ready to engage in adventures upon the peace and security of the southern people, however heinously and recklessly, and capable of planning and keeping secret their infernal designs.” – Charleston Mercury

  • In 1859, this was written in response to John Brown’s Raid: “It is the presage of the future storm, that shall desolate the whole land, if the people give this abolition doctrine their approval. It necessarily tends to servile insurrection, civil war and disunion.” – Chicago Press and Tribune

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